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PAKISTAN

COMMENTARY

General Economic Situation

Inflation remains the biggest threat to the economy, jumping to more than 9% in 2005. The World Bank and Asian Development Bank announced that they would provide US $ 1 billion each in aid to help Pakistan rebuild areas hit by the October 2005 earthquake in Kashmir.

Performance of newspapers vs. Other media

The government directly owns Pakistan Television and Radio Pakistan, the only free national electronic broadcasters. The semiprivate Shalimar Television Network, in which the government holds majority ownership, expanded its broadcast range during the year. All three reflect government views in news coverage. Private Cable and Satellite Channels Geo, ARY, Indus and Khyber all broadcast domestic news coverage and are critical of the government. Cable and satellite television which numerous international news stations is generally affordable. Private radio stations exist in major cities, but their licenses prohibit news programming.

Performance of different types of newspapers

There are numerous independent publications. Out of 1,279 dailies and non-dailies (including all periodicals) in 2004, 895 were published in Urdu, 223 in English, 58 in Sindhi, with Pushto, Gujrati, and Balochi also having more than a dozen titles each.

Newspapers launches / closures

On July 19, Karachi police banned daily newspaper Ummat and weekly papers Friday Special, Wajood, and Ghazo for promoting extremist views.

Advertising

On May21, the government banned federal government advertising in Nawa-I-Waqat and The Nation. Provincial and local governments were free to advertise in those papers and did. The ban was lifted on August 22. In June the Sindh provincial government banned provincial government advertising in papers run by Dawn Group, owing to its critical coverage of a financial scandal involving the Chief minister.

Ownership

Cross=ownership of print and electronic media was made possible in July 2003.

 

 

Media/Press Laws

The Anti-Terrorist Act Prohibits the possession or distribution of material designed to foment sectarian hatred or material obtained from banned organizations.

Court rulings mandate the death sentence for any one blaspheming against the ‘’prophets.’’ The law allows up to 10 years in prison for insulting another’s religious beliefs with the intent to outrage religious feelings.

State Support

The Ministry of Information controls the country’s primary wire service, the Associated Press of Pakistan (APP), Which is the official carrier of government and international news to the local media.

Other Factors

In 2002, the government established a 21-member Press Council, made up of senior press editors, journalists, and the secretary of information, to oversee the quality of journalism in the country.

Source: CIA The World Factbook; US State Department; Internation Press Institute; RSF

2.a Population by age and sex (2004)

Age All individuals Male Female

000 % 000 % 000 %

0-14 64,348 40 33,104 40 31244 39

15-64 91,446 56 46,760 56 44,686 56

65+ 6,626 4 3,189 4 3,437 4

Total 162,420, 100 83,053 100 79,367 100

Source: CIA-The World Fact book

 

2.a Number of titles Change (%)

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2004/00 2004/03

Total paid-for dailies 153 168 169 204 291 90.2 42.65

Total paid-for-non-dailies 662 595 551 741 988 49.24 33.33

Source: WAN from public sources

Notes: All periodicals, except dailies

3.b Circulation Change (%)

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2004/00 2004/03

Total paid-for dailies 5,700 5,726 6,009 6,246 7,818 37.16 25.17

Total paid-for-non-dailies 1,759 1,863 1,967 2,005 2,166 23.14 8.03

Source: WAN from public sources

Note: All periodicals, except dailies

7.aa Grass domestic product (Pakistan, rupee, bln) 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

GDP 3,423 3,629 4,018 19,083.2 23.011.8

Source: IFS Zenith Opt media (2000-2003); CIA – The World Fact book

 

7.ab Grass domestic product per capita (Pakistan rupee, 000) 2000 2001 2002 2003

GDP per capita 22.3 23.4 24.2 26.2

Source: IFS Zenith Opti media

 

7.ac Ad spend as a % of GDP (%) 2000 2001 2002 2003

Ad expenditure 0.21 0.21 0.2 0.21

Source: IFS Zenith Opti media

 

7.ba Advertising expenditure per medium

2001 2002 2003 2004

Press 3,140 3,224 3,396 3,631

Newspapers 2,484 2,550 2,686 2,872

Magazines 656 674 710 759

Television 3,264 3,633 4,097 ---

Radio 189.5 207 232 ---

Cinema 33 37 41 ---

Outdoor 470 529 604 ---

Total 7,096.5 7.630 8,370 ---

`Source: Zenith Opti media

Note: Excludes productions costs, includes agency commission and classifieds, after discounts

 

8.ba Top paid-for-dailies (2005)

Title Language Publisher Circulation Readership Fullpage ad rate (000) (000) Mono Colour (Pakistan, rupee)

Jang Urdu Jang Group 775 3,875 734,400 1,728,000

Khabrain Urdu 345 1,380 378,000 928,800

Nawa-e-Waqt Urdu Nawa-e-Waqt Group 295 1,475 367,200 550,800

Dawn English Pakistan Herald Publications Ltd 138 759 518,400 950,400

Paksitan English 125 375 302,400 437,400

The News English Jang Group 120 315 427,680 748,440

Awam2 Urdu 110 440 259,200 540,000

Express English 87 261` 168,480 129,600

Qauami Akhbar3 Urdu 80 320 185,760 ----

Mashreq Urdu 55 165 151,200 630,720

The Nation English Nawa-e-Waqt Group 25 ---- ---- -----

 

Source: Zenith Optimedia; WAN from public sources

Notes:

1         2000 prices

2        Evening daily

3        Evening daily

 

 

Source: World Press Trends 2006

Released by World Association of Newspapers(WAN)